References

  1. EN 1993: Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures.
    EN 1993-1-1:2005: Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings.
    EN 1993-1-5:2006: Part 1-5: Plated structural elements.
    BSI, 2006.
  1. EN 10210: Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain structural steels.
    EN 10210-1:2006: Part 1: Technical delivery requirements.
    EN 10210-2:2006: Part 2: Tolerances, dimensions and sectional properties.
    BSI, 2006.
  1. EN 10219: Cold formed welded structural sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels.
    EN 10219-1:2006: Part 1: Technical delivery requirements.
    EN 10219-2:2006: Part 2: Tolerances and sectional properties.
    BSI, 2006.
  1. CHAN, T. M. and GARDNER, L.N 10219
    Compressive resistance of hot-rolled elliptical hollow sections.
    Engineering Structures, Vol 30, No 2, pages 522-532.
    Elsevier Ltd, 2008.
  1. GARDNER, L. and CHAN, T.
    Cross section classification of elliptical hollow sections.
    Steel and Composite Structures, Vol. 7, No. 3, pages 185-200.
    Techno-Press, 2007.
  1. RONDAL, J., WÜRKER, K.-G., DUTTA, D., WARDENIER, J. and YEOMANS, N.
    Structural stability of hollow sections, CIDECT Design Guide 2.
    TÜV Verlag, 1996.
    Available from www.CIDECT.com.
  1. GARDNER, L., CHAN, T. M. and WADEE, M A.
    Shear resistance of elliptical hollow sections.
    Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings, Vol 161, Issue 6, December 2008.
    ICE, 2008.
  1. Steelwork design guide to BS 5950-1:2000. Volume 1: Section properties, member capacities, 7th edition (P202),
    The Steel Construction Institute and The British Constructional Steelwork Association Ltd, 2007.
    Available from Steelbiz.
  1. MORREL, P. J. B.
    The behaviour of rectangular hollow section steel beams under concentrated flange loading.
    PhD Thesis, CNAA, Brighton University, January 1971.
  1. SALTER, P. R.
    Assessment of design using cold-formed hollow sections. SCI Report: RT652.
    The Steel Construction Institute, 1998.
    Available from Steelbiz.
  1. KLEINLOGEL, A.
    Rigid frame formulas (translated from German: page 418).
    Fredrick Ungar Publishing Co., 1958.
  1. Steel Building Design: Design Data 'Blue Book' (P363),
    The Steel Construction Institute and The British Constructional Steelwork Association Ltd, 2015.
    Available from Steelbiz.
  1. EN 1090-2:2008 Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures. Technical requirements for the execution of steel structures.
    BSI, 2008.
  1. EN 14399 High-strength structural bolting assemblies for preloading.
    EN 14399-1:2005: Part 1: General requirements.
    EN 14399-2:2005: Part 2: Suitability test for preloading.
    EN 14399-3:2005: Part 3: System HR. Hexagon bolt and nut assemblies.
    EN 14399-4:2005: Part 4: System HV. Hexagon bolt and nut assemblies.
    EN 14399-5:2005: Part 5: Plain washers.
    EN 14399-6:2005: Part 6: Plain chamfered washers.
    EN 14399-9:2009: Part 9: System HR or HV. Bolt and nut assemblies with direct tension indicators.
    EN 14399-10:2009: Part 10: System HRC. Bolt and nut assemblies with calibrated preload.
    BSI, 2009.
  1. EN 15048 Non-preloaded structural bolting assemblies.
    EN 15048-1:2007: Part 1: General requirements.
    EN 15048-2:2007: Part 2: Suitability test.
    BSI, 2007.
  1. BS 4933:1973 Specification for ISO metric black cup and countersunk head bolts and screws with hexagon nuts.
    BSI, 1973.
  1. EN ISO 4014:2001 Hexagon head bolts. Product grades A and B.
    BSI, 2001.
  1. EN ISO 4017:2001 Hexagon head screws. Product grades A and B.
    BSI, 2001.
  1. EN ISO 4016:2001 Hexagon head bolts. Product grade C.
    BSI, 2001.
  1. EN ISO 4018:2001 Hexagon head screws. Product grade C.
    BSI, 2001.
  1. EN ISO 4032:2001 Hexagon nuts, style 1. Product grades A and B.
    BSI, 2001.
  1. EN ISO 4034:2001 Hexagon nuts. Product grade C.
    BSI, 2001.
  1. EN ISO 898-1:1999 Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel. Bolts, screws and studs.
    BSI, 1999.